Vegetation

Mkomazi National Park lies at the southern end of the sahelian Acacia-Commiphora savanna and the local flora is enriched by the area’s high physiographic diversity: in the West and South it is surrounded by the Pare and Usambara Mountains, and it is close to the coastal vegetation of northern Tanzania.

A Baobab tree (Adonsonia digitata) near Kamakota
A flower of Delonix elata (creamy peacock flower), the dominant large tree in the drier areas of Mkomazi

Checklist of common trees of Mkomazi National Park

  • Lannea Schweinfurthii (False Marula)
  • Lannea triphylla
  • Cordia monoica (snot berry)
  • Commiphora africana (African myrhh)
  • Commiphora habessinica (Abyssinian myrrh)
  • Commiphora holtziana
  • Commiphora shimperi (glossy-leaved corkwood)
  • Boscia salicifolia (willow-leafed shephard’s tree)
  • Maerua triphylla (small bead-bean)
  • Maytenus senegalensis (spike thorn)
  • Combretum exalatum
  • Combretum molle (velvet bushwillow)
  • Combretum zeyheri (large-fruited bushwillow)
  • Terminilia kilimandscharica
  • Terminalia prunioides (purple-pod terminalia)
  • Terminalia sambesiaca (river terminalia)
  • Terminalia spinosa (spiny terminalia)
  • Cassia singueana (sticky pod)
  • Delonix elata (creamy peacock flower
  • Tamarindus indica (Indian tamarind)
  • Acacia etbaica
  • Acacia mellifera (black thorn)
  • Acacia nilotica (gum arabic tree)
  • Acacia Senegal (gum acacia)
  • Dichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush, chinese lantern)
  • Craibia previcaudata
  • Dalbergia melanoxylon (African blackwood)
  • Lonchocarpus eriocalyx (broad lance-pod)
  • Ormocarpum kirkii (caterpillar bush)
  • Xeroclerris stuhlmannii (wing pod)
  • Apodytes dimitiata (white pear)
  • Hoslundia opposita (orange bird-berry)
  • Nuxia floribunda (forest elder)
  • Strychnos henningsii (red bitter berry)
  • Melia volkensii (Melia tree)
  • Turraea floribunda (honeysuckle tree)
  • Ficus bubu (sulphur-barked fig)
  • Ficus bussei (Zambezi fig)
  • Ficus glumosa (mountain rock fig)
  • Ficus ingens (red-leaved fig)
  • Ficus sansibarica (knobby fig)
  • Ficus Stuhlmannii (lowveld fig)
  • Ficus sycomorus (Sycamore fig)
  • Chionanthus battiscombei (small fruited ironwood)